Dry Eye Guide Book for Dog Parents

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Here is a simple and informative guide for the knowledge of dry eyes in dogs. Eyes are vital organs of any organism’s body and hence any disease related to it must be known. This also ensures that the dog-owner will use proper preventive steps to avoid such critical eye situation in dogs.

First of all, what is a dry eye? Ever heard of it? No?

Dry eye is widely known as KCS or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca. This condition occurs when there is a deficiency of aqueous tear film, which is present on the surface of the eye and also in the lid linings. Due to the deficiency, severe dryness occurs in the corner of the eye in addition to which cornea and conjunctiva gets inflamed.

Certain breeds like bulldogs, cocker spaniels, Highland white terriers etc. are more susceptible to get a dry eye. This dry eye syndrome or KCS should be treated immediately when noticed otherwise its leads to ulcers and scars that are more difficult to cure.

Importance of tear glands: Tears glands are responsible for producing tears. It is a watery layer that carries oxygen and nutrients to the cornea as well as protects the eyes from bacterial infections. Cornea relies entirely on tear layer for nourishment as well as its well being i.e. waste removal. The oily layer allows to slide smoothly over the eye and prevents the tears from evaporating while the inner layer traps the waste, collects it and get it cleared from the eyes.

What are the basic signs or symptoms that you must look out for if your pooch is susceptible of having a dry eye?

  • Rubbing the eyes
  • Reddened eyes
  • Dull and dry cornea
  • Cherry eye
  • Hypersensitivity towards light
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Squinting
  • Excessive blinking
  • Impaired vision
  • Excessive blinking
  • Mucus discharge from the eye

Probable causes leading to KCS or dry eye in canines are:

  • Immune system disorder which generally means that the immune system of the dog is not functioning properly and causing damage to the tear glands.
  • Application of topical treatment to the surface of the eye that might have caused a toxic effect to the tear glands.
  • Trauma
  • Diseases such as hypothyroidism, canine distemper, cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism), diabetes mellitus etc.
  • Chronic conjunctivitis.
  • Bacterial or viral infections.
  • Middle ear infections.
  • Breed dependent.

Protect your pooch from getting a dry eye syndrome. Always be aware of any symptom that might harm his sight. You can also use Kyron eyewash for regular dogs eye care.